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U.S. corn, soybean production down in 2022

U.S. corn and soybean production declined from 2021 to 2022. That followed year-to-year reductions in planted area, harvested area, and yield for corn, along with a lower soybean yield, which canceled out increases in acreage.

Corn was reported at 13.729 billion bushels, down 9% on the year, with an average yield of 173.3 bushels per acre, 3.4 below the year ago record, and cuts in acreage. U.S. planted area was 88.579 million acres while harvested area was 79.207 million acres. Record yields were recorded this year in several states, including Illinois, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.

Soybeans were pegged at 4.276 billion bushels, 4% under last year, with an average yield of 49.5 bushels per acre, 2.2 less than the year before, negating higher acreage totals. U.S. soybean planted area was 87.45 million acres with harvested area of 86.336 million acres. The USDA says Ohio and Wisconsin had record large crops and Arkansas had a record high yield.

The numbers are likely to change somewhat later this year with some unharvested acres remaining in parts of the U.S.

The USDA’s 2023 prospective planting numbers are out in late March.

Comparisons for Brownfield states:

Arkansas: Corn: 120.235 million bushels, compared to 152.72 million in 2021; Average Yield: 173 bushels per acre, compared to 184 a year ago; Harvested Area: 695,000 acres, compared to 830,000 last year

Soybeans: 163.8 million bushels, compared to 156 million in 2021; Average Yield: Record 52 bushels per acre, unchanged from a year ago; Harvested Area: 3.15 million acres, compared to 3 million last year

Illinois: Corn: 2.268 billion bushels, compared to 2.192 billion in 20212; Average Yield: Record 214 bushels per acre, compared to 202 a year ago; Harvested Area: 10.6 million acres, compared to 10.85 million last year

Soybeans: 677.25 million bushels, compared to 683.15 million in 2021; Average Yield: 63 bushels per acre, compared to 65 a year ago; Harvested Area: Record 10.75 million acres, compared to 10.51 million last year

Indiana: Corn: 974.7 million bushels, compared to 1.028 billion in 2021; Average Yield: 190 bushels per acre, compared to 195 a year ago; Harvested Area: 5.13 million acres, compared to 5.27 million last year

Soybeans: 335.225 million bushels, compared to 338.4 million in 2021; Average Yield: 57.5 bushels per acre, compared to 60 a year ago; Harvested Area: 5.83 million acres, compared to 5.64 million last year

Iowa: Corn: 2.48 billion bushels, compared to 2.54 billion in 2021; Average Yield: 200 bushels per acre, compared to 204 a year ago; Harvested Area: 12.4 million acres, compared to 12.45 million last year

Soybeans: 586.755 million bushels, compared to 631.89 million in 2021; Average Yield: 58.5 bushels per acre, compared to 63 a year ago; Harvested Area: 10.03 million bushels, steady with last year

Kansas: Corn: 510.6 million bushels, compared to 750.6 million in 2021; Average Yield: 115 bushels per acre, compared to 139 a year ago; Harvested Area: 4.44 million acres, compared to 5.4 million last year

Soybeans: 132.275 million bushels, compared to 192 million in 2021; Average Yield: 27.5 bushels per acre, compared to 40 a year ago; Harvested Area: 4.81 million bushels, compared to 4.8 million last year

Michigan: Corn: 336 million bushels, compared to 246.26 million in 2021; Average Yield: 168 bushels per acre, compared to 174 a year ago; Harvested Area: 2 million acres, compared to 1.99 million last year

Soybeans: 105.28 million bushels, compared to 109.14 million in 2021; Average Yield: 47 bushels per acre, compared to 51 a year ago; Harvested Area: 2.24 million acres, compared to 2.14 million last year

Minnesota: Corn: 1.461 billion bushels, compared to 1.388 billion in 2021; Average Yield: Record 195 bushels per acre, compared to 177 a year ago; Harvested Area: 7.49 million acres, compared to 7.84 million last year

Soybeans: 369.5 million bushels, compared to 356.26 million in 2021; Average Yield: 50 bushels per acre, compared to 47 a year ago; Harvested Area: 7.39 million acres, compared to 7.58 million last year

Missouri: Corn: 502.32 million bushels, compared to 545.37 million in 2021; Average Yield: 161 bushels per acre, compared to 159 a year ago; Harvested Area: 3.12 million acres, compared to 3.43 million last year

Soybeans: 275.73 million bushels, compared to 276.85 million in 2021; Average Yield: 45.5 bushels per acre, compared to 49 a year ago; Harvested Area: Record 6.06 million acres, compared to 5.65 million last year

Nebraska: Corn: 1.455 billion bushels, compared to 1.855 billion in 2021; Average Yield: 165 bushels per acre, compared to 194 a year ago; Harvested Area: 8.82 million acres, compared to 9.56 million last year

Soybeans: 278.32 million bushels, compared to 350.91 million in 2021; Average Yield: 49 bushels per acre, compared to 63 a year ago; Harvested Area: Record 5.68 million acres, compared to 5.57 million last year

Ohio: Corn: 594.66 million bushels, compared to 644.62 million in 2021; Average Yield: 187 bushels per acre, compared to 193 a year ago; Harvested Area: 3.18 million acres, compared to 3.34 million last year

Soybeans: Record 281.94 million bushels, compared to 278.16 million in 2021; Average Yield: 55.5 bushels per acre, compared to 57 a year ago; Harvested Area: 5.08 million acres, compared to 4.88 million last year

South Dakota: Corn: 661.32 million bushels, compared to 732.32 million in 2021; Average Yield: 132 bushels per acre, compared to 134 a year ago; Harvested Area: 5.01 million acres, compared to 5.48 million last year

Soybeans: 192.66 million bushels, compared to 215.6 million in 2021; Average Yield: 38 bushels per acre, compared to 40 a year ago; Harvested Area: 5.07 million acres, compared to 5.39 million last year

Tennessee: Corn: 103.35 million bushels, compared to 161.5 million in 2021; Average Yield: 130 bushels per acre, compared to 170 a year ago; Harvested Area: 795,000 acres, compared to 950,000 last year

Soybeans: 77.76 million bushels, compared to 76 million in 2021; Average Yield: 48 bushels per acre, compared to 50 a year ago; Harvested Area: 1.62 million acres, compared to 1.52 million last year

Wisconsin: Corn: 545.4 million bushels, compared to 540 million in 2021; Average Yield: Record 180 bushels per acre, unchanged from a year ago; Harvested Area: 3.03 million acres, compared to 3 million last year

Soybeans: Record 116.1 million bushels, compared to 113.85 million in 2021; Average Yield: 54 bushels per acre, compared to 55 a year ago; Harvested Area: 2.15 million acres, compared to 2.07 million last year

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