Celebrating the Beef Check Off

The Beef Check-off is celebrating 25 years of existence.  Andy Johnson, Director of Programs & Industry Relations for the Ohio Beef Council says they used Ohio Farm Science Review as a chance to celebrate the Beef Check-off, educate attendees about its growth and show how important it is to the industry.

AUDIO: Andy Johnson, Ohio Beef Council (6:52mp3)

Dates to report prevented wheat planting

Depending on where you are in Ohio, the state has two different dates when talking about prevented wheat planting.

For those producers prevented from planting wheat because of a natural disaster by October 20, the deadline to report prevented planted acreage is November 4, for those prevented from planting by October 31, you have until November 15 to report prevented planted acreage to your local FSA office.

Steve Maurer, State Executive Director of the Ohio Farm Service Agency tells Brownfield because of the spring Ohio experienced, there could be some confusion as to what qualifies as prevented planting.

“The late harvest is not considered part of that natural disaster,” said Maurer. “I know that a lot of people are bound to think that what happened in the spring, transfers to wheat planting in the fall, but it does not.”

Audio: Steve Maurer, State Executive Director, Ohio FSA (2:40 MP3)

Producers that farm in twenty-five counties in Ohio, have until the final planting date of Oct. 31, 2011 to timely plant fall wheat. These counties include: Cuyahoga, Butler, Hamilton, Warren, Clinton, Clermont, Brown, Highland, Adams, Ross, Pike, Scioto, Vinton, Jackson, Lawrence, Gallia, Meigs, Athens, Morgan, Washington, Noble, Monroe, Guernsey, Belmont and Jefferson. Producers and farmers who were prevented from planting wheat by the final planting date in these counties have until November 15, 2011 to visit their local FSA county office and timely report the prevented planting acreage.

Producers that farm in the other sixty-three counties in Ohio, had until the final Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) planting date of October 20, 2011 to timely plant fall wheat. Producers and farmers who were prevented from planting wheat by the final planting date in these counties have until November 4, 2011 to visit their local FSA county office and report the prevented planting acreage.

More information is available at local Farm Service Agency (FSA) offices.

EPA announcement welcomed by farm groups

The Environmental Protection Agency has announced its regulatory standards for what it generally considers to be farm dust.

“The standard has served the nation well; served the agency well, and at this time we are making no change in it,” said Karl Brooks, administrator of EPA’s Region Seven office in Kansas City. To leave as is the so-called Particulate Matter 10 regulatory standard is reassurance that the agency will not strengthen regulation of farm dust, said Brooks, in an interview with Brownfield Monday.

“Controversy about whether the agency would be doing something new or something different has always been one generated, I think, more by misunderstanding than by fact,” said Brooks. “This should set that controversy to rest.”

Farm groups are relieved about the announcement. American Farm Bureau Congressional Relations Specialist Rick Krause is among them.

“The announcement is telling everybody that EPA will not change the standard and make it more stringent,” said Krause. “To that effect it puts a lot of our minds at ease.”

Farm dust is regulated, according to Krause, but the just a few areas of the country are out of compliance of the current PM 10 standards, including desert areas of Arizona and California

Krause cites a couple of bills pending in Congress that he says would exempt from regulation naturally occurring nuisance farm dust and dust from normal farming activities.

Outside markets pressure soybeans

Soybeans were lower on profit taking, commercial selling, and spillover from the outside markets. The dollar was higher while the Dow, gold and, crude oil were lower. In any event, there was no fresh news and no confirmation of recent market talk about new purchases by China. USDA reports 95% of soybeans are at the leaf dropping stage, compared to 98% last year and 96% average, with 69% harvested, compared to 81% last year and 61% average. Informa Economics’ increased 2012 crop planting estimate from last week wasn’t a factor Friday, but did play a role Monday. Soybean meal and oil were lower on spillover from beans and the supply implications of increased planted area. Mexico’s Ag Minister, via Dow Jones Newswires, expects increased soybean imports due to domestic production shortfalls. USDA’s weekly export inspections report, usually out Monday, will be delayed until 10 AM Central Tuesday due to technical issues; soybeans are pegged at 35 million to 40 million bushels, compared to 23.387 million last week.

Corn was narrowly mixed in consolidation trade. There was no fresh news to start out the week and while farmer selling has been slow, corn’s had trouble generating a lot of buying interest. Last week’s planted acreage projections from Informa provided modest support by midday Monday but really weren’t much of a factor. According to USDA, 94% of corn is mature, compared to 100% last year and 93% average with 47% harvested, compared to 66% last year and 41% on average, and 53% of the crop in good to excellent condition, unchanged on the week. Ethanol futures were mixed. Mexico’s Ag Minister, via Dow Jones Newswires, says its “probable” Mexico will have to increase corn imports to meet demand following weather issues in some key growing areas. USDA’s weekly export inspections report for the week ending October 13 is expected to show corn at 30 million to 38 million bushels, compared to 31.826 million for the week ending October 6.

The wheat complex was mostly higher. Chicago was narrowly mixed, following corn and the other U.S. wheat pits. Kansas City was up on concerns over rainfall totals across key hard red winter growing areas in the Southern Plains and Minneapolis was higher on the relatively tight supply of and good demand for hard red spring. USDA states 73% of winter wheat is planted, compared to 80% last year and 77% average with 44% emerged, compared to 50% last year and 51% average. European wheat was flat. Iraq bought 350,000 tons of wheat (150,000 tons each from Canada and Russia, along with 50,000 tons from Australia). Canada’s government will introduce a bill Tuesday to end the Canadian Wheat Board’s marketing monopoly on western Canadian wheat and barley. The CWB, via Dow Jones Newswires, adds 99% of western Canada’s grain and oilseed crops have been harvested. Kazakhstan’s Ag Ministry reports 98% of the expected acreage has been harvested with the running total at 27.6 million tons, above Astana’s most recent projection of 25 million tons. USDA’s weekly wheat export inspections are estimated at 16 million to 21 million bushels, compared to 12.581 million a week ago.

Iowa harvest progress is ahead of normal

Virtually Iowa’s entire corn crop is now mature according to the weekly report from the National Agricultural Statistics Service Iowa Field Office. Forty-five percent of the corn crop has been harvested for grain or seed, four days behind last year but eight days ahead of average. The condition of the crop stands at sixty-one percent average to good.

Soybean harvest is now eighty-seven percent complete, slightly behind last year, but over two weeks ahead of normal. Over three-quarters of the soybean crop has been harvested in all districts except the South Central.

Grain movement remains brisk, with fifty-four percent of the state seeing moderate to heavy grain movement from farm to elevator.

Hay supplies are considered short in twenty-one percent of Iowa. Some livestock producers are moving cattle to stalk fields as well as feeding hay as pasture conditions are poor.

Rapid progress in Wisconsin fields

Another week of above-average temperatures allowed the harvest to proceed in Wisconsin last week. Corn silage chopping is right on schedule with 94 percent completed, corn maturity is three points behind average with 86 percent mature and corn-for-grain combining is 21 percent complete as of Sunday, two points behind the five year average. Moistures are mostly in the upper-20’s coming off the combine and most report yields are better than expected. The crop is rated 77 percent good to excellent condition up 2 points from the previous week.

Rain last Thursday slowed the harvest for a day, totals ranged from .42 inches in Milwaukee to over two inches in Taylor County. However, the windy conditions over the weekend dried things out quickly and the harvest resumed. It is still quite dry in the northwest where soil moisture is listed as 54 percent adequate, 33 percent short and 12 percent very short. Statewide things are in pretty good shape with 75 percent rated adequate.

Soybean harvest is 62 percent complete, 12-points ahead of average. With 99 percent of the plants having dropped their leaves, the beans are drying down quickly with moistures reported in the low-teens. Yields are ranging everywhere from 40 to 70 bushels per acre. The crop is rated 79 percent good to excellent condition, a 4-point improvement from a week ago.

The cranberry harvest is wrapping up with average to below-average yields. The potato harvest is also nearing completion.

Read the full NASS report here:

Indiana harvest trying to catch up

Still running quite a few days behind pace, corn and soybean harvest were making up ground until rain showers and cooler temperatures moved in last week.  Corn is 23 days behind and the soybean crop is now 16 days behind last year’s record pace.

Corn continues to play catch up as 87 percent of the crop is now matured compared to 100 percent a year ago; 30 percent has been harvested – well behind last year when nearly 90 percent of the crop was out of the ground.  The average moisture content so far this year is 21 percent.

Soybean harvest is also running behind last year as 95 percent of the crop is now shedding leaves compared to 100 percent last year; 55 percent of the soybean acreage has been harvested compared to 88 percent last year at this time.  Harvested soybeans are averaging 12 percent moisture.

In other crops around the state; 51 percent of the winter wheat acreage has been planted compared to 65 percent last year and 14 percent has emerged compared to 19 percent on year ago.  The majority of Indiana’s tobacco crop has been harvested, slightly behind a year ago.  Finally, pasture conditions continue to improve as 23 percent is listed in good to excellent condition – a huge improvement over the 6 percent in 2010.

Barrows and gilts were mostly higher on Monday

The new show lists have been distributed and the new offering appears to be about steady with last week. Fewer cattle are being offered in Texas this week, but there are larger numbers on the lists in Kansas, Colorado and Nebraska. Asking prices are around 122.00 live and 190.00 plus dressed. Packers will be watching their margins and chain speed and cattle feeders will be looking for direction from the futures market. The cattle kill was only 123,000 head on Monday, 3,000 below last week, and down 4,000 from last year.

Boxed beef values were steady to weak on light to moderate demand and offerings. Choice boxed beef was .24 higher at 185.24, and select was down .78 at 166.20.

Live cattle contracts on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange settled 20 to 57 points higher with the exception of October. The early support across the live cattle futures held through much of the morning session. But, at midday October futures gave back all of the early gains. The moderate to strong pressure in the outside markets limited follow through support from buyers as traders looked for additional widespread economic support. Traders also focused on uncertain domestic demand for beef.  October settled .30 lower at 121.35, and December was up .45 at 123.65.

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Making correct hybrid selections

As harvest progresses, the data collected can give growers some of the information they need to make decisions for next year’s hybrids.  Purdue Extension corn specialist Bob Nielsen says harvest data shouldn’t be the only thing growers are examining.  He notes before growers get serious about placing seed orders for 2012, they should make a mental note of what they are seeing this year, but highly suggest adding it to information collected from a wide array of trials.  Nielsen says many land grant universities do variety trials and that information is invaluable.  He says you can find most of that information on the Purdue Agronomy website.

Nielsen says one of the top concerns for growers in hybrid selection is yield potential.  But, he says, consistency should also be a factor.  He reinforces making the mental notes seen this year, but also says growers should recognize the need for additional information and look for hybrids that are consistently yielding at the top of numerous trials.  Nielsen says the best hybrids are ones that yield well year after year in a wide array of growing conditions.

Nielsen says the best way to do that is evaluate numerous trials.  You can find that information on the Purdue Crop Performance page on the Purdue agronomy website.

Corn, soybean harvests advance well

The U.S. corn and soybean harvests both advanced well over the past week.

As of Sunday, 47% of corn is harvested, compared to 33% a week ago, 66% a year ago and the five year average of 41%. 94% of the crop has reached maturity, compared to 100% last year and 93% on average, with the condition rating holding steady at 53% good to excellent.

For soybeans, 69% is harvested, compared to 51% the previous week, 81% a year ago and the five year average of 61%. 95% of soybeans are at the leaf dropping stage, compared to 98% last year and 96% on average.

73% of winter wheat is planted, compared to 80% a year ago and 77% on average, while 44% has emerged, compared to 50% last year and 51% on average.

31% of U.S. pastures and rangelands are in good to excellent shape, up 1% on the week but down 9% on the year.